The Confino's enjoyed a comfortable life in the Ottoman city of Kastoria. By 1913, though, their ease had given way to uncertainty, prompting the family to immigrate to New York City.

Life in America was different and sometimes difficult. The ten Confinos crowded in to their three-room apartment in 97 Orchard Street. Their Sephardic customs often clashed with the ways of the Eastern European Jews who dominated the Lower East Side.

Still, America brought some positive changes. Always eager to learn, the family's youngest daughter, Victoria, was able to attend school for the first time. By 1913, Victoria's father had pulled her from school to work in his garment factory.


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